Unit 1

Unit 1: Assignment 1

The write-up in the San Francisco Chronicle, dated April 6, 1899, mentions the steamship – the Nippon Maru – on which the Indian immigrants arrived. Do online research to find out the following, and post your findings in about 300-500 words. i) Where did the Nippon Maru begin its journey to the U.S.? Was the U.S. its final destination? ii) What does ‘Nippon Maru’ mean and from what language is it derived? iii) Where did the Indian passengers board the ship? What kind of accommodation was offered? iv) Who were the other passengers likely to be? v) The article states that the four men were originally from the Lahore district. Find the city of Lahore on a map of the Indian Sub-Continent and trace the journey, by land and sea, that the immigrants made from their original home. vi) Were you surprised that Indian immigrants too arrived to America by sea? If yes, what surprised you and why? If not, please share other stories that you might know of about Indian immigrants who arrived to America by sea....

Unit 1: Assignment 2

Please post your response to the following questions: i) Look at the images of Indians working in the mills, on the railroad and on farms as laborers. What do the images tell us about the laborers and their environment? Describe what you see in as much detail as possible. ii) Look at the image titled "Hindu Bed" that shows a bed and a small hut for an Indian agricultural worker. What does the photo tell us about the living conditions and financial status of these workers? Were their living conditions likely to be better or worse than those they left back home?...

Unit 1: Assignment 3

Please browse through the links (provided in the additional readings section) to the newspaper coverage of Indian immigrants arriving to California in the early 20th century. What seems to be the greatest objections to the arriving Indians in most of these articles....

Unit 1: Assignment 4

Please read the complete article “The Hindu Invasion: A New Immigration Problem” by Fred Lockley in the May 1907 issue of the Pacific Monthly (Link: https://archive.org/stream/pacificmonthly17woodrich#page/584/mode/2up). Please write your response to the following questions: What reason does Lockley offer for referring to “Hindus” as “our kinsmen”? What explanation do the Indians give for coming to work in British Columbia? What does the essay tell us about life in the Pacific Northwest at the beginning of the 20th century? Clearly, as evident in the title itself, the author believes Indian immigrants are not welcome in the U.S. List three arguments the author makes for believing “Hindus” are an immigration problem....

Unit 1: Assignment 5

Scan the newspapers or look at online coverage of recent immigration news (within the past 6 months or so). Compare the coverage of current immigration to the coverage of immigrants and immigration in the newspapers after the Bellingham riots. What similarities do you notice? What are the differences? What are the objections that critics of immigration today have? In what way are the objections similar to or different from the objections raised by the Bellingham community in 1907? Please post your response....