Issue 1

Unit 1: Assignment 1

The write-up in the San Francisco Chronicle, dated April 6, 1899, mentions the steamship – the Nippon Maru – on which the Indian immigrants arrived. Do online research to find out the following, and post your findings in about 300-500 words. i) Where did the Nippon Maru begin its journey to the U.S.? Was the U.S. its final destination? ii) What does ‘Nippon Maru’ mean and from what language is it derived? iii) Where did the Indian passengers board the ship? What kind of accommodation was offered? iv) Who were the other passengers likely to be? v) The article states that the four men were originally from the Lahore district. Find the city of Lahore on a map of the Indian Sub-Continent and trace the journey, by land and sea, that the immigrants made from their original home. vi) Were you surprised that Indian immigrants too arrived to America by sea? If yes, what surprised you and why? If not, please share other stories that you might know of about Indian immigrants who arrived to America by sea....

Unit 1: Assignment 2

Please post your response to the following questions: i) Look at the images of Indians working in the mills, on the railroad and on farms as laborers. What do the images tell us about the laborers and their environment? Describe what you see in as much detail as possible. ii) Look at the image titled "Hindu Bed" that shows a bed and a small hut for an Indian agricultural worker. What does the photo tell us about the living conditions and financial status of these workers? Were their living conditions likely to be better or worse than those they left back home?...

Unit 1: Assignment 3

Please browse through the links (provided in the additional readings section) to the newspaper coverage of Indian immigrants arriving to California in the early 20th century. What seems to be the greatest objections to the arriving Indians in most of these articles....

Unit 1: Assignment 4

Please read the complete article “The Hindu Invasion: A New Immigration Problem” by Fred Lockley in the May 1907 issue of the Pacific Monthly (Link: https://archive.org/stream/pacificmonthly17woodrich#page/584/mode/2up). Please write your response to the following questions: What reason does Lockley offer for referring to “Hindus” as “our kinsmen”? What explanation do the Indians give for coming to work in British Columbia? What does the essay tell us about life in the Pacific Northwest at the beginning of the 20th century? Clearly, as evident in the title itself, the author believes Indian immigrants are not welcome in the U.S. List three arguments the author makes for believing “Hindus” are an immigration problem....

Unit 1: Assignment 5

Scan the newspapers or look at online coverage of recent immigration news (within the past 6 months or so). Compare the coverage of current immigration to the coverage of immigrants and immigration in the newspapers after the Bellingham riots. What similarities do you notice? What are the differences? What are the objections that critics of immigration today have? In what way are the objections similar to or different from the objections raised by the Bellingham community in 1907? Please post your response....

Unit 2: Assignment 1

After reading about the life of Dalip Samra and watching the video about him (Angel Island Profile: Dalip Singh Samra: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gYgz6t_H93Q), please reflect on his early immigrant experiences. In what way were these experiences similar to and different from immigrants who arrive from India today?...

Unit 2: Assignment 2

In the chapter (4) on South Asian immigrants in Lee & Yung’s book – “Angel Island, Immigrant Gateway to America”, a large percentage of South Asians were deemed as “LPC” or “likely to become a public charge.”. Based on what you’ve read so far in this issue, do you agree? Please provide at least 3 supporting arguments for your agreement or disagreement. Please conduct online research to determine whether the “Public Charge” doctrine continues to be a component of current immigration policy and if so how does it vary from the “LPC” categorization encountered by South Asian immigrants on Angel Island....

Unit 3: Assignment 1

In the debates leading up to the passage of the 1965 Immigration Act, then Secretary of State Dean Rusk made the following statement regarding the potential number of Indians who might want to immigrate from India: "The present estimate, based upon the best information we can get, is that there might be, say, 8,000 immigrants from India in the next five years. In other words, I don't think we have a particular picture of a world situation where everybody is just straining to move to the Unites States." Conduct online research to determine how many Indians actually immigrated to the U.S. in every decade since 1965. Why were Rusk and others so wrong in their estimates?...

Unit 3: Assignment 2

Upon signing the Immigration Bill, Lyndon Johnson said: “This bill that we will sign today is not a revolutionary bill. It does not affect the lives of millions. It will not reshape the structure of our daily lives, or really add importantly to either our wealth or our power. Yet it is still one of the most important acts of this Congress and of this administration. For it does repair a very deep and painful flaw in the fabric of American justice. It corrects a cruel and enduring wrong in the conduct of the American Nation”. In a recent research report called “Immigrant Entrepreneurs” (http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2159875), the findings demonstrated that of the engineering and technology companies founded in the U.S. between 2006 and 2012, 24.3% had at least one foreign-born founder. Immigrant founders of engineering and technology companies employed roughly 560,000 workers and generated an estimated $63 billion in sales during that time. Of all immigrant-founded companies, 33.2% had Indian founders. The top 10 sending countries of immigrant entrepreneurs, in descending order, were India (33.2%), China (8.1%), the United Kingdom (6.3%), Canada (4.2%), Germany (3.9%), Israel (3.5%), Russia (2.4%), Korea (2.2%), Australia (2%) and the Netherlands (2%). What conclusions do you draw from these statistics? Write a 500-word essay on this discussion board describing whether you agree or disagree with Lyndon Johnson’s remarks in 1965 that “the bill that we will sign today is not a revolutionary bill”, and why. You may conduct your own additional research to help you in your response....

Unit 3: Assignment 3

In the article that you have already read in Unit 1 of this magazine – “The Hindu Invasion: A new immigration problem” written in 1907, the author Fred Lockley poses this question to the reader when told by an immigration officer that Indians ought to go to the warmer states in the US - Southern California, Arizona or New Mexico - to find a climate more suitable to them. “California would suit them to a T” he suggested. Lockley in turn makes the following comment: “That, of course, may all be very true. California might suit them to a T. But would they suit California to a T is a question also to be considered.” From the reading “Indians of Silicon Valley”, describe on this discussion forum, some of the influences that Indians and Hindus have had on California. Conclude with your response to Lockley’s question “would they (Indians) suit California to a T?...